Dairy At Glance
Development of state of Delhi at a

INTRODUCTION

      1. Delhi was a small town in 1901 with a population of 0.4 million. Delhi’s population started increasing with the                     shifting of Capital of British India from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911.

2. Imperial Delhi Committee was constituted in March 1913 to supervise and manage the construction and civic affairs of the new British Capital. This Committee was transformed and notified as Raisina Municipal Committee in 1916 under the Punjab Municipal Act, 1911. In March 1927, this Municipal Committee was re-designated as New Delhi Municipal Committee. In 1932 this was upgraded as the First Class Municipality responsible to provide civic services in NDMC area.

3. Delhi became a Part-‘C’ State in 1951 with a Council of Ministers and a Legislature. Delhi became a Union Territory since November 1956 and was administered thereafter by the President of India through a Chief Commissioner. Municipal Corporation of Delhi Act was enacted by Parliament in 1957. Delhi Development Authority was created under Delhi Development Act, 1957.

4. Delhi Administration Act, 1966 was enacted by Parliament and it created a Metropolitan Council with an Executive Council.

5. The present set up of the National Capital Territory of Delhi came into force with the passage of the “Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991” which came into force in January 1992. The first Legislative Assembly under this Act was constituted after the elections in 1993.

 6. The Planned development of the city of Delhi was started with the preparation of the Master Plan for Delhi, promulgated in September 1962, covering the period upto 1981. This Master Plan was prepared by DDA with the support from Town and Country Planning Organization (TCPO) of Govt. of India and some subject matter experts from Ford Foundation. This Master Plan was prepared for projected 46 lacs population of Delhi in the year 1981. However, the Census-1981 reported 62.20 lakhs population of Delhi in 1981.

7. The Master Plan of Delhi was modified by the DDA taking into account the requirements of city development upto the year 2001. This modified Master Plan upto the year 2001 was promulgated on 1st August 1990. The MPD-2001 was prepared for projected population of 128 lakhs in 2001. However, the Census2001 reported Delhi’s population 138.51 lakhs.

8. The MPD-2001 has now been modified by the DDA taking into account the city’s developmental requirements upto the year 2021. This modified MPD-2021 was notified by Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India on 7th Feb. 2007. The MPD-2021 has been prepared for projected population of 182 lakhs in 2011 and 230 lakhs in 2021. However, provisional results of the Census-2011 released by Registrar General of Census, indicates population of Delhi as 168 lakhs in March 2011.

9. The MPD-2021 projected population of Delhi more than 200 lakhs in 2017, the terminal year of the 12th Five Year Plan. However, taking into account the same population growth rate for the period 2011-17, as reported by Census 2011, the population of Delhi in 2017 may be around 190 lakhs.

10. The Master Plan for Delhi-1981 pointed out that Delhi’s proper development shall be planned in the Regional Context rather than for Delhi Territory only. Accordingly MPD-1981 recommended simultaneous development of National Capital Region. Govt. of India enacted “National Capital Region Planning Board Act-1985”. NCR Planning Board is charged with the responsibility of coordinating all the efforts of the adjoining States through the instrumentality of Regional and Sub-Regional Plans. The Regional plan -2021 prepared by NCR

Planning Board for the Region suggested 4 Policy zones for development of the National Capital Region. 11th Five Year Plan – 2007-12

11. 10th Five Year Plan (2002-07) and 11th Five Year Plan (2007-12) succeeded in making tangible impact with the implementation of developmental programmes/projects visible in the following forms in the entire Territory of the National Capital. 11.1 The development process was started in 10th Five Year Plan with Power Sector Reforms w.e.f. July 2002. This Reform Initiative of Govt. of Delhi has been categorized as most successful by independent Analysts and Agencies in view of AT&C losses brought down from 52% in 2002 to 18% in 2010.

 11.2 The Bhagidari initiative of the Govt. contributed and promoted people’s participation in the development process and got awarded and appreciated by various Forums. 11.3 All Road Public Transport Modes put on CNG since November 2002 contributed in air pollution control through vehicle exhausts in Delhi to a great extent inspite of massive increase in the number of vehicles each year.

11.4 The completion of First and Second Phase of Delhi Metro during 10thand 11th Five Year Plan made Multi-Model Public Transport System a ground reality and proved a most convenient and assured mode of Public Transport for more than 18 lakh commuters each day.

11.5 Re-structuring of DTC with addition of more than 3700 new low floor air-conditioned and non-air conditioned buses and replacement of Blue-line Bus Service by Private Sector Corporate Bus Service System improved the quality of bus transport system in Delhi.

11.6 Construction of more than 50 Flyovers/ROBs/RUBs /Grade Separators contributed in better flow of traffic movement along all major roads in the city and construction of more than 60 Foot-over bridges/ Subways provided more safety for Pedestrians.

11.7 Water supply capacity of DJB could be increased from 650 MGD at the beginning of 10th Five Year Plan to 855 MGD by August 2011.Water Supply capacity could have reached to 935 5 MGD if Haryana Govt. could have completed construction of Munak to Haiderpur Pucca Channel in 2009, as per contract.

11.8 To make Delhi an Education and Knowledge Hub, GGSIP University has got 106 institutions affiliated with it with enrollment of about 60000 students. Govt. established National Law University of Delhi, Ambedkar University, Delhi Technological University, Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research University, Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology. Delhi Knowledge Development Foundation has started functioning. Three new Govt. Engineering Colleges at Jaffarpur, Okhla and Geeta Colony started functioning.

11.9 Three new Super Speciality Hospitals for Liver, Cancer and Pediatric have started functioning and two more Super Speciality Hospital Complexes are ready to make them functional. To provide better secondary and tertiary health care services to the citizens the total number of hospital beds could be increased from 30667 in 2002 to 35520 in 2007 and 42700 total hospital beds in 2011.With increase in numbers of hospital beds, 2.55 hospital beds were available for per thousand of population in Delhi in 2011.

11.10 To increase own generation capacity, a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Project of 1500 MW is nearing completion at Bawana. A Joint Sector Thermal Power Plant is also nearing completion at Jhajjar which will make available 750 MW electricity to Delhi very soon.

 11.11 Delhi Skill Development Mission has started functioning to make available skill up gradation opportunities to all willing persons for better employment potential and capability.

11.12 On the front of inclusive growth Govt. has succeeded in taking care of EWS, Vulnerable groups through a number of programmes like Monthly Pension of ` 1000/- to more than 4 lakh beneficiaries as senior citizens, women in distress, disabled persons. Empowerment and welfare of women & children could be a great success through Gender Resource Centres, Delhi Convergence Mission, Delhi Women Commission, 94 ICDS projects, Delhi State Health Mission, Delhi Child Rights Protection Commission.

11.13 Keeping in view poor maintenance of civic services in approved Industrial Estates being taken care of by different agencies, DSIIDC has been assigned the job of improving and maintaining the civic services in all Industrial Estates in Delhi.

11.14 Taking into account the magnitude of Slum Improvement programme and construction of EWS houses, Delhi Govt. has replaced Slum Wing with the setting up of Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board (DUSIB).

11.15 The Regularization of unauthorized colonies, as also recommended by MPD-2021, entail provision of all essential services in these colonies in addition to various statutory and administrative clearances. For providing civic services i.e. roads, drains, filling up of low lying area, water supply, sewerage, electricity, sanitation services, Govt. has made an investment of `2597crore by the end of March-2012.

11.16 Out of total area of 1483 Sq. Kms. the total Green Cover Area of Delhi was only 26 Sq. Kms upto 1996-97. For better environment in the city, massive efforts were made to increase the Green Area and to make Delhi as the best Green apital City in the world. The result is that about 300 Sq.km. area came under Green cover in Delhi in 2009.

11.17 The quality of school education in Govt. schools has been improved through better school infrastructure and a number of programmes like YUVA, Computer literacy and awareness, book banks, more subsidy for purchase of books and uniforms, higher rate of scholarships, incentives and awards to teachers, students and schools for better academic performance, etc.

11.18 For accelerated planned development of Delhi, Govt. managed to increase its plan investment from ` 3800 Crore in 2001-02, the terminal year of the 9th Five Year Plan, to ` 5200 Crore in 2006-07, the terminal year of 10th Five Year Plan and `14200 Crore in 2011-12, the terminal year of the 11th Five Year Plan. More than 90% of the plan investment under each Annual Plan has been financed by Delhi Govt. from its own resources. Financial management was improved to make available resources for financing the increasing Plan expenditure in each Annual Plan.

11.19 Taking into account the plan expenditure of the first four years of the 11th Five Year Plan and provisional expenditure for the year 2011-12, the likely plan expenditure in 11th Five Year Plan is going to reach to about ` 53546Crore as compared to total plan expenditure of ` 13465Crore in 9th Five Year Plan and ` 22646 Crore in 10th Five Year Plan. The Sector-wise Plan expenditure in Approved Outlay for Annual Plan 2007-08 to 2011-12 is given in the Statement as Annexure-II. 12th Five Year Plan 2012-17

12. Govt. of Delhi decided that for formulation of 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) of Delhi a comprehensive and suitable Approach may be evolved with people’s participation and experts advice from Subject Matter Experts, Academicians, Research Institutions to the best possible extent so as to make Delhi an “Environmentally Sustainable Habitat & a Global Heritage City”.

13. Chief Minister, Delhi initiated the process of formulation of the Approach for 12th Five Year Plan with the request to all Hon’ble Members of the Legislative Assembly in March 2011 to make available their suggestions.

14. Instead of constituting the Sectoral Working Groups to work out the Strategy and Approach for Major Sectors of Development like in the past, Planning Department was directed to prepare a Background Document containing “Issues & Challenges for 12th Five Year Plan 2012-17 of Delhi”. This Document was prepared by the Planning Department and was uploaded on the website of the Planning Department and Government of Delhi in Sept. 2011 for perusal of all citizens and organizations. 

15. Chief Minister, Delhi made an Appeal vide all leading newspapers of most spoken languages of Delhi i.e. English, Hindi, Punjabi & Urdu in September, 2011 and also in October, 2011 to the Citizens, NGOs, Voluntary Organizations, Civil Society Organizations, Academicians, Subject Matter Experts, Academic & Research Institutions and all Stakeholders involved in the development process of Delhi to forward their suggestions for framing a suitable and comprehensive Approach for 12th Five Year Plan of Delhi. A large number of citizens and NGOs/VOs, Academicians forwarded their valuable suggestions. 

16. To ensure maximum participation from the citizens and to have the expert advice from Academicians, Research Institutions, Subject Matter Experts, the Issues & Challenges envisaged for 12th Five Year Plan of Delhi were discussed in a series of Workshop during the months of November and December, 2011. These eight workshops were organized under the Chairmanship of Chief Minister, Delhi with Key Note Addresses by the concerned Ministers.

 17. Chief Minister, Delhi forwarded copies of the Background Document to all Hon’ble Members of Parliament from Delhi and all Hon’ble Members of the Legislative Assembly in October 2011, with the request to forward their valuable suggestions for the 12th Five Year Plan of Delhi.

 18. This Approach Paper suggesting strategy, approach and major outcomes for the 12th Five Year Plan of Delhi has been prepared taking into account the suggestions received from the citizens and various organizations with reference to Appeal from the Chief Minister, Delhi, deliberations made in the series of Workshop, various policy decisions taken by the Government for future development of Delhi and the strategy and outcome relevant to the unique administrative and urban set up of the National Capital Territory of Delhi from Approach to12th Five Year Plan of the country approved by the National Development Council in October, 2011. 

19. The development strategy for 12th Five Year Plan of Delhi shall also take into account it’s vibrate economy. The contribution of the Primary Sector has ecreased from 3.85% in 1993 to 0.87% in 2010-11.The estimate of State Domestic Product of Delhi for the year 2010-11 indicates the share of the Secondary Sector is also decreasing with the passage of time. The contribution of Tertiary Sector is continuously growing from 70.95% in 1993 to 81.85% in 2010-11.During the first four years of the 11th Five Year Plan Delhi’s economy registered 10.2% average annual growth. In this background of Delhi’s economy it is estimated that average annual growth of Delhi’s economy may be around 10.5% during the period of 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17). 

Akshay Sadana