Dairy At Glance

Jersy

(CCBF, Sunabeda, Koraput (Orissa))

Jersy breed has originated on the channel Island of Jersey, a small British Island in the English channel of the coast of France. It varies from Golden brown and light grey to light red as well cream. It has Short head with broad forehead with concave forehead line and large impressive eyes. It is dehorned. Average height of this animal is 127cm for Bull and 120-125 cm for the cow. The bull weighs about 550-600 Kg and the Cow 350-400 Kg. Yield of Milk is about 4000 kg per lactation.

Surti

(CCBF, Dhamrod, Surat (Gujarat))

Surti is a popular breed found in the Charottar tract of Gujarat between Mahi and Sabarmati rivers. The best animals of this breed are found in Anand, Nadiad and Baroda districts of Gujarat. The Surti buffaloes are of medium size and docile temperament. The breed has got a fairly broad and long head with a convex shape at the top in between horns. Horns are sickle-shaped and flat which grow in a downward & backward direction and then upwards at the tip forming a hook.  The skin color is black or brown. Surti breed has got a unique straight back. Good specimen has two white collars.

Average milk production of this animal during Ist lactation is about 1500-1600 kg and other than Ist lactation is 1900-2000 kg. Age at first calving is 45 to 47 months and calving interval is between 400 to 425 days. At maturity the body weight is about 350kg to 375kg.

Tharparkar

(CCBF, Suratgarh (Rajasthan))

Tharparkar is an important dual purpose breed raised primarily for its milking potential. The name "Tharparkar" has been derived from the place of its origin- The Thar desert. The home tract of this breed is in the Tharparkar district of southeast Sindh in Pakistan. In India, these animals are now found along the Indo-Pak border covering western Rajasthan and upto Rann of Kutch in Gujarat.

Animals are white or grey in colour. In bulls neck, hump and hind quarters are also black forehead broad and flat and slightly convex above eyes. Ears are long, broad and pendulous and switch of tail is of black colour. Body size medium. Average body weight of an adult Female is 350Kg. Average lactation length is 280 days and yields about 2000 Kg during lactation period. First calving is at 41-45 months.

Red Sindhi

(CCBF, Chiplima (Orissa))

Red Sindhi breed is found in Sindh Pradesh of Pakistan & Orissa, Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chatisgarh, Rajasthan & Punjab states of India. It is dark red in body colour, medium size well proportionate compact body, mild bulging forehead and has 12-14” of horns growing upward & backwards.  The udder is capacious and pendulous. Average production of milk per day is 8-10 kg and yields 2500-2700 kg per lactation.

(Red Sindhi X Jersy) Crossbreed

(CCBF, Chiplima (Orissa))

Crossbred (RS X J) is found in Sindh Pradesh of Pakistan & Orissa, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Kerala, North East states, Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhatisgarh, Rajasthan & Punjab States of India. The animal is Almond Colored and medium built. It has depressed, concave forehead and has horns 6-8” growing upwards. Possess capacious and prominent udders. Yields 12-15 kg milk per day and 3500-4000 kg per lactation.

Sahiwal (Montgomery)

Sahiwal is a medium heavy type of dual purpose breed found in Rohtak, Karnal, Hissar, Gurgaon district of Haryana, and the Union Territory of Delhi and in West Uttar Pradesh. Cows belonging to this breed are fairly good milkers. These animals have small heads with long, narrow faces from which emerge short and somewhat horizontal horns, which grow longer and curve upwards and inwards in bullocks. The barrel is long compact. Legs are sturdy and long with well-shaped hoofs. The tail is thin and short. In cows the udder is well developed with prominent teats. These cattle are generally white or light grey.

Hariana

Hariana is a medium heavy type of dual-purpose breed found in Rohtak, Karnal, Hissar, Gurgaon district of Haryana, and the Union Territory of Delhi and in West Uttar Pradesh.

The cows are fairly good milkers. These animals have small heads with long, narrow faces from which emerge short and somewhat horizontal horns, which grow longer and curve upwards and inwards in bullocks. The barrel is long compact. Legs are sturdy and long with well-shaped hoofs. The tail is thin and short. In cows the udder is well developed with prominent teats. These cattle are generally white or light grey.

Gir 
(CHRS, Ajmer)

Gir is mostly found in Saurashtra Region of Gujarat in the district of Bhawnagar, Rajkot, Amreli, Tonk and kota district of Rajasthan. This breed is entire red and speckled red with white spots or white with red spots. It has peculiarly curved horns. Has moderately large, massive and bulging forehead. Ears are large and pendulous and the body is of medium to large built. It yields an average of 3121 Kg of milk during each lactation period of 300 days.

Rathi
(CHRS, Ajmer)

Mostly found in Loonkaransar Tehsil of Bikaner and Ganganagar & Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan and also found in Fazilka & Abhror district of Punjab, adjoining to Rajasthan. Usually brown with white patches all over the body but animals having complete brown or black with white patches are often seen. It has short horns and generally do not exceed 3-4 inches. Medium size & lean forehead, medium size ears, and has medium size symmetrical body.  It weighs an average of 350-400 kg body weight for male and 280-300 kg for female. It has the production potential of yielding 3120 Kg. milk during a lactation period of 306 days.

Holstein Friesian

(CCBF, Hesaraghatta, Bangalore)

Holstein Friesian’s average age of maturing is 15 to 16 months. Ist calving is at 25 months. Adult Body weight of this animal weighs about 550-650 kg. Average lactation yield (305 days) 6500 kg. Peak yield (at farm conditions 30-32 litres per day). Holstein Friesian Male Calves’s average birth weight is 40-42 kgs, Age at maturity 15 to 16 months (semen production), Average body weight at sexual maturity 280-320 kgs, expected life time production of semen doses 1.5-1.8 lakhs

Murrah Buffalo

(CCBF, Alamadhi, Chennai)

Murrah Buffalo, breed is found in Punjab, Delhi Haryana regions.  They are Jet Black in color, black eyes, curved horns. The largest animal is 7.2 and small about 4 feet. It has an average height of 3 feet for calf and 4.9 feet for an adult. Average milk yield per lactation in 2147.0 kg.

Ongole

(CCBF, Ongole)

Popular color is white. Males have dark grey markings on head, neck and hump, and black points on knees and pastems. Head is broad between eyes slightly prominent. Horns are short and stumpy, growing outwards and backwards. Ears are moderately long, slightly drooping, alert, tip of ears are black. Neck is short and thick in bulls, moderately long in cows. Hump is well developed and erect. Filled up on both sides and not concave or leaning to either side. Dewlap is fleshy and hanging in fold, extending to naval flap. Chest is deep and wide, broad between the fore arms. Legs are strong, clean and medium in length, well apart, firmly and squarely set under the body, toes pointing straight. Tail head is slopping, deeply molded and not coarse. Long and fine with black switch. Tip of tail vertebrae reaches just beyond point of hock.  Milk yield is 600 kg to 2518 kg. Lactation period is 279 days.

Central Cattle Breeding Farms (CCBF)

The Central Cattle Breeding Farms located at Suratgarh (Rajasthan), Chiplima and Sunabeda (Orissa), Dhamrod (Gujarat), Hessarghatta (Karnataka), Alamadhi (Tamil Nadu) and Andeshnagar (U.P). are maintaining bull mothers of important cattle and buffalo breeds which include Tharparkar, Red Sindhi, Jersey, Holstein Friesian, Crossbred (HF x Tharparkar, Jersey x Red Sindhi), Surti and Murrah. The farms produce bull calves from these bull mothers and supply high pedigree bull calves and bulls to the State Governments and other breeding organizations for production of frozen semen. The farms located at Sunabeda, Suratgarh and Andeshnagar also have the facilities for production of frozen semen.

The Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Alamadhi has been associated with Associated Herd Progeny Testing Programme of the Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hissar. The buffaloes available at the farm are used for test mating of Murrah bulls and semen of proven/ high pedigree bulls is used for further genetic improvement.

The Central Cattle Breeding farms follow the fodder cropping programme as recommended by Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi and also produce fodder seeds for distribution under Central Minikit Testing Programme under which free fodder seed minikits are provided to farmers. The farms provide breeding facilities to the cows and buffaloes of the nearby villages free of cost and also conduct training of farmers in dairy farming under Animal Husbandry Extension Programme.

During 2004-05, the farms have produced 297 bull calves (till Feb 2005) and trained 1114 personnel in the management of bull mother farms.

Source: Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India

Compiled by Akshay Sadana

 
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Posted Date : 31/03/2015 Posted By : Admin